What Is Urban And Regional Planning?
Urban and Regional Planning otherwise known as town planning is the art and science of ordering the use of lands, sighting of buildings and communication routes so as to secure maximum practicable degree of economy, convenience and beauty.
It is an attempt to formulate the principles that should guide us in creating a civilized physical background for human life with the main impetus of foreseeing and guiding change. It is also concerned with providing the right land (site), at the right time, in the right place, for the right people and for the right use. It is thus a conscious effort through the right training to provide an environment conducive to human healthy living. Urban and Regional Planning is justified as a formal study to reconcile social and economic aims of private and public objectives in relation to the use of land. It is therefore cleared that no nation can do without Town Planning.
Why Is Town Planning Necessary?
- It exercises control over the layout and design of urban settlement.
- Town planning allocates resources particularly lands in such a manner to obtain maximum efficiency with particular attention to the nature of the built environment and welfare of the community.
- Planning arbitrates between the economic, social, political and physical forces that determine the location, form and effect of urban development.
- Planning assist the market economy in becoming more efficient through the provision of the most appropriate for what are generally described as non-profit making use of land, such as transport termini, roads, fire stations and sewerage plants.
- Ensure commercial viability of urban centers through the correct sitting of non-profit making uses of land
- Town planning establishes the desires of the community formulating them in a manner that facilitates comprehensions and discussions, preparing a policy for their adoption, regulating the degree and proportion of private and public investment, guiding the provision of public services initiating action where necessary and public continually examining the effect of the adopted policy making adjustments if required.
- Since every social, economic and political decision to be implanted requires the use of land, it therefore follows that every decision of man would require Town Planning.
What Are The Major Employment Opportunities For The Graduate Of Urban And Regional Planning?
Town Planning Graduates can be employed in:
- Local government
- Local planning authorities
- Regional agencies(River Basins Development Authorities)
- Government Agencies (Housing Corporation, Mass Transportation Companies, National Populations Commission)
- Federal and State Ministries responsible for Physical Planning matters, Housing, FEPA, Lands, Environment and those who activities have planning implications like Ministries of Education, Agriculture, Water Resources, Transport, Aviation, Petroleum Resources, Communication , Health etc.
- Universities, Polytechnics and agencies governing them e.g. National Board for Technical Education.
- Financial Establishment e.g. Banks, Insurance companies etc.
- Community Organizations
- Property Development and Management Firms
- Chamber of Commerce and Industries and Manufactures Association of Nigeria
- Non-profit Corporations and Foundations
- Research and Large Agricultural Institutes
- Private consulting firms
- Oil and Gas companies
- Construction companies
- Telecommunication Services
- Waste Management Agencies
Ashiru Olugbenga O. is a registered Town Planner with NITP & TOPREC and founder of Voice of a Town Planner - aimed towards projecting & advocating for the Town Planning Profession in Nigeria.